the years, colorful characters have populated, explored,
plundered and preserved South Florida. Some historical
figures include the people of the Glades, who migrated
to the lower peninsula at least 11,000 years ago; Spanish
Ponce de Leon
, who came to Florida searching for the
Fountain of Youth, eventually dying from a native's arrow;
and Black Caesar the pirate, who ambushed sailing ships
passing his refuge at present-day Caesar Creek. Nineteenth-century
South Florida welcomed naturalist John
and 20th-century Florida would not be
the same without writer and conservationist Marjory
simple time line demonstrates that although native peoples
have inhabited the Everglades since 10,000 B.C., the destruction
of Everglades really only began in the 1800's when settlers
realized the potential for making money on South Florida
land deals and agricultural products. This time line has
been modified from work done by Meghan Risser, with the
UM School of Communication, in connection with The
Water Project: Oasis in Crisis
project. We invite
you to learn more about the history of the Everglades
by following the time line and by exploring our listings
of external Everglades history and cultural links.
Please note that these links are
on websites outside of the Florida Coastal Everglades
LTER website and will open in a new window.
The increasing climate of the Post
Glacial period led to the development of the subtropical
terrain in the Everglades such as the cypress swamps and
The first settlers
arrive to South Florida from Europe.
becomes a state!
of the Everglades begins. The potential of South Florida’s
land does not go unnoticed for long. The potential for making
money essentially begins the draining and dredging projects
of the South Florida wetlands.
The success of the drainage system
proved the land around Lake Okeechobee to be productive
for both sugarcane and rice crops.The City of Miami was
With the enactment
of a board of drainage commissioners from the Florida
Legislature, the Everglades Drainage District was established.
||Four canals, dissecting
the Everglades were created.
Sugar cane, one
of the first crops grown commercially in the Lake Okeechobee
area flourished, creating an increase of commercial agriculture
activity. The increased activity elevated the population
to 2000 residents.
were deepened and water control structures were constructed
in major canals.
acres were dedicated to the Everglades National Park,
by President Truman. Making it the first national park
established because of its biological wonders.
were divided into three Water Conservation Areas upon the
completion of a system of canals and levees.
|The Friends of the Everglades
was established by Marjory Stoneman Douglas.
The spread of
cattails, a breed of weeds that thrives on phosphorus, across
the northern Everglades was a result of the decision to
pump storm water from the Everglades Agricultural Area into
the Water Conservation Areas, instead of Lake Okeechobee.
given to the State Department of Environmental Regulation
to protect wetlands and surface water of the state for public
interest, by the Warren Henderson Act in Florida.
the restoration and protection of the Everglades, the
Everglades Forever Act was enacted by the Florida Legislature.
In order to improve water quality in the Everglades, it
was mandated by the act that Stormwater Treatment Water
Areas (STAs) were to be constructed. Over 20 years the
sugar industry agreed to pay $320 million, while the taxpayers
were expected to pay the rest.
W. Bush and Florida Governor Jeb Bush signed an agreement
on January 9 providing a total of $7.8 billion for the
Everglades restoration project. The federal and state
governments will share the cost.